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Gale Horst is a retired engineer and project manager. His career roles include project manager and technology lead roles in operating systesms, appliance design, energy management, Distributed Energy Resources (DER) and Demand Response (DR). He has authored a number of publications and is named on eight patents.  

Mr Horst was a Project Manager leading EPRI's Smart Grid Demonstration Initiative,  a 7-year collaborative research effort with 24 utilities.  He has been involved with smart grid technologies including demand management, appliances, consumer engagement, and standards development in several key roles. He developed the first grid-responsive appliance at Whirlpool Corporation.  Gale’s whitepaper titled Concepts to Enable Advancement of Distributed Energy Resources (EPRI Report 1020432) outlined the concept of the Virtual Top Node (VTN) and Virtual End Node (VEN) referenced in developing smart grid standards organizations such as OpenADR and CTA-2045.

Now retired, Gale keeps up his interest in smart grid and energy management technologies. However, as a musician, songwriter, and woodworker, he applies additional focus on these productive pastimes as a serious hobbyist in addition to coding on platforms such as Arduino single-board computers.

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