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In his role in the electric power industry, Gale Horst was a project manager and technology leader in research in technologies related to Distributed Energy Resources (DER) and Demand Response (DR). He has authored a number of publications and is named on eight patents. He initiated work related to a flexible distribution system architecture that includes DER in a variety of systems including third party, customer-owned, and renewable energy resources.

Gale Horst was a Project Manager leading EPRI's Smart Grid Demonstration Initiative.  This was a 7-year collaborative research effort where he coordinated research at 24 utilities focused on challenges associated with integration of Distributed Energy Resources (DER).  He has been involved with smart grid technologies including demand management, appliances, consumer engagement, and standards development in several key roles. He developed the first grid-responsive appliance at Whirlpool Corporation.  Gale’s whitepaper titled Concepts to Enable Advancement of Distributed Energy Resources (EPRI Report 1020432) outlined the concept of the Virtual Top Node (VTN) and Virtual End Node (VEN) referenced in developing smart grid standards organizations such as OpenADR and CTA-2045.

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